142e congrès, Pau, 2017
Circulations montagnardes, circulations européennes

I. Circulations montagnardes d'hommes et de biens

Sous-thème : I.1. La conquête de la montagne : des premières occupations humaines à l'anthropisation du milieu

Titre : Exploitation of montain environments during the Magdalenian in Coímbre cave (Asturias, Northern Iberian Peninsula)

Le 25/04/2017 - 13:30

Coímbre cave is located in the Cares river valley (Peñamellera Alta, Asturias), in the central-western part of Cantabrian region. The site was excavated from 2008 to 2012, in the innermost part of the main chamber, Zone B, which has yielded an interesting full Magdalenian sequence with Lower, Middle and Upper Magdalenian levels. The hunter-gatherers who lived in Coímbre in the Upper Palaeolithic made use of several adaptation strategies allowing them to exploit all the abiotic and animal resources the environment afforded them. In spite of the low altitude of the cave (145 masl), Coímbre is located in a very mountainous environment. In this way, the faunal assemblage includes remains of ibex and chamois, associated with the mountains and crags in the immediate surroundings of the site, and also red deer, roe deer, aurochs and horses, indicating the exploitation of the animal resources living in the Besnes valley, at the foot of Sierra del Cuera. The different magdalenian levels show different characteristics regarding to the occupation model of the cave, but they essentially coincide in the type of hunting patterns adapted to the characteristics of the environment, that can be defined as an interior site (within the Cantabrian binomial coast-interior), in a mountainous area.
Co-auteurs :
María DE ANDRÉS-HERRERO, Neanderthal Museum / Institute of Prehistoric Archaeology. University of Cologne. Germany ;
José YRAVEDRA, Prehistory Department, University Complutense, Madrid, Spain ;
Jesús F. JORDÁ PARDO, Laboratorio de Estudios Paleolíticos / Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, UNED ;
Álvaro ARRIZABALAGA, Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, University of Basque Country. Vitoria, Spain.

M. David ALVAREZ-ALONSO, Doctor in Prehistory, professor UNED-Asturias